The Life of Vincent Van Gogh

Vincent Willem Van Gogh was born in Holland the 30th of March 1853.

Vincent Van Gogh was the older of the six children of a protestant pastor.

He maintained with his brother Theo, four years smaller than he, a relation that would be determining in his existence and his artistic trajectory. The correspondence that both interchanged throughout all the life is the testimony of the intensity of their relationship.

After receiving a good education in a deprived boarding school, at the age of sixteen years old he entered as apprentice in the branch of the gallery of Parisian art Goupil & Cie., founded by Vincent`s uncle; there he knew works the school of Barbizon.

Van Gogh was transfer to London in 1873, waht indicated the beginning of his first creative stage. After a love rejection, he became more and more lonely.

In 1878 he was impelled by the necessity to give himself to his resemblances, and after trying to study theology, decided to satisfy his vocation by working with the miners with the Borinage.

In this period he made a series of drawings of the miners.

Towards 1880, after being expelled because of his excessive implication with the miners (according with the other protestant vicars), Vincent discovered in the painting his authentic vocation, considering it a route to console the humanity. In the first years of the decade of 1880 Van Gogh studied with diverse painters, like Anton Mauve.
His fast evolution and the desire of knowledge of the Impresionism took him to leave academic education and meet with Theo in Paris in 1886.

His brother introduce him to Pissarro, Seurat and Gauguin…

His trowel became definitively colorist and his vision less traditional.

Vincent interest for the color and the nature induced him to go to Arles, where his work was progressively expressing with clarity his feelings about the scenes and portraits people and the their own mental state.

With the intention to create the group of the “impresionists of the south”, Vincent Van Gogh rented a house. He invited artists that shared interests with him and where Paul Gauguin spent two months. At the end of those two month, in Christmas Eve 1888, Gaugin and Vincent had a fight that ended with the famous cut ear of Van Gogh.

In April of the following year, Vincent Van Gogh feared to lose his capacity to work, so he requested to be entered the psychiatric hospital of Saint-Remy-of-Provence where he remained in for twelve months. After undergoing diverse attacks and because of his impossibility to go to paint outside, he developed works related to the hospital, pictures of doctors and interpretations of pictures of Rembrandt, Delacroix and Millet.

Not being able to surpass his state of melancholy and solitude, in May of 1890 Vincent Van Gogh went to Paris to visit his brother Theo. Taking his brother’s advice he traveled to the Auvers-south-Oise, where he was put under a homeopathic treatment by the doctor Paul-Ferdinand Gachet.

In this small town Van Gogh portrayed the landscape and his inhabitants, trying to catch their spirit. His style evolved formally towards a more expressive painting, with were not precise forms and more shining colors.

Although months later doctor Gachet considered him totally cured, his mood did not improve due to his feelings of guilt caused by the dependency of his brother Theo and by his professional failure. Sunk in this situation of anguish, the 27 of July Van Gogh shot himself in the chest; and died two days later.

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